Metabasis N. 29
digital edition

peer review

Each essay of this journal is reviewed by two anonymous referees and their comments are sent to the authors .

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Technological imaginaries and political systems 2

Technological imaginaries and political systems 2

May 2020 - Year XV - Number 29

Political reflections

Biopower and the Health Emergency

Paolo Bellini

DOI: 10.7413/18281567170

This short essay aims to analyze the imaginary of the new health emergency (Covid-19) and the power relationships revealed by it. Such an unprecedented state of exception leads to the surfacing of a secularised symbolism based on the concepts of dread and redemption, as an expression of new forms of command and obedience typical of biopower and its distinctive production of consent.

The genealogy of the security notion in Michel Foucault analysis

Sergio A. Dagradi

DOI: 10.7413/18281567162

Following the development of Michel Foucault’s thought, the essay aims to emphasize how the urgent and current problem of security actually emerges as a constituent device correlated to the decline of the new art of modern government, defined by Foucault himself as governmentality, what biopolitical power.

The Golem Myth and The Technology

Mara Magda Maftei

DOI: 10.7413/18281567168

This paper deals with the role of technology in the process of hominization, robotization (the industrial revolution) of human beings, their dehumanization (the two World Wars, Nazism, the Shoah, the nuclear bomb) and its standardization (cybernetics) through the myth of the Golem, important for the study on the transformation suffered by human beings. The artificial creature that the myth conveys is reactivated by the relationship of otherness that human being maintains with the machine and with algorithms. The myth-cybernetics relation is attested by Norbert Wiener who takes the Golem myth as archetype in his work published in 1964, God and Golem, Inc. The myth involves the imagination of the human being while cybernetics proposes to put into shape shape systems imagined by human beings. The purpose of my ape ris to analyze the importance of the Golem myth, to question Wiener’s use of the Golem myth, to study the approaches between the Golem myth and the industrial machine of the Third Reich and to show that ultimately the modern Golem regulates human beings through algorithms and standards.

For a political imagination in the digital age. Populism and the crisis of liberal democracy

Natascia Mattucci

DOI: 10.7413/18281567173

The triumph of liberal democracy coincides with its progressive vulnerability, visible in the economic and social inequalities, in the global expansion of populist language and communication. This paper explores some causes, reflecting on the impact of the digital revolution on human beings. In fact, the breathlessness of liberal democracies is the mirror of a lack of perspective, especially political, that even individuals are experiencing in the digital age. To see and feel in perspective and depth, when everything is lost in the details, in the shower of images and information, the individual must do exercises of political imagination. Without imagination, politics loses the ability to observe reality from different points of view.

Philosophical Horizons

Christian Wolff and the dilemma of Lazzaro. Reason, Will and the origins of moral evil in Wolff’s natural law.

Gianluca Dioni

DOI: 10.7413/18281567171

This essay analyses the dynamics of deliberative process in Christian Wolff’s psychology, in order to rebuild the origins of evil and the nature of freedom, which characterizes the moral action in the Silesian philosopher’s practical system. The heuristic parabola starts from the exam of the concept of percepturitio, then it studies the dialectic between voluptas, perfectio, good and evil. Finally, after having analysed the sensitive appetite and the affections, it comes to outline the nature of will and its freedom.

Legitimacy, protection, obedience. Critical point of reflection starting with work.

Luca Gasbarro

DOI: 10.7413/18281567166

This essay aims to analyze the relationship between legitimacy, protection and obedience. This relationship is due to an increasing and pervasive expansion of the economic crisis that has significantly changed the relationship between state and citizen.

Is Democracy necessary for Human Rights?

Eric Heinze

DOI: 10.7413/18281567172

This paper first appeared in 2018 on This Century’s Review; considered both the importance and the relevance of the themes presented in this writing we agreed with the author to republish it in our journal. The original publication can be found with this bibliographical reference: Eric Heinze (2018) “Is democracy necessary for human rights?”, This Century’s Review, Journal for rational legal debate, 1, 13 – 17.

From physiognomy to phrenology. The signa of female morality in the social imaginary of the 19th century.

Federica Rauso

DOI: 10.7413/18281567164

Phrenology, founded by Franz Joseph Gall in the last decades of the eighteenth century, presented itself to the scientific and cultural panorama of the first half of the nineteenth century as a science able to reveal the natural individual inclinations, located in the brain, through the observation of the cranial morphology. On the premise of a correspondence between behavior, trends, inclinations and somatic characteristics, the phrenologists, as heirs of the most ancient physiognomic tradition, claimed the need for the application of the organological science to every area of knowledge, from the criminal law to social and pedagogical sciences. In particular, overlapping aesthetics, ethics and medicine, the phrenological paradigm imposed itself as useful tool for the moral control of female deviance in order to repress those innate tendencies considered capable of distancing women from the parameter of morality.

The hate of others. A political-philosophical perspective.

Maria Rosaria Vitale

DOI: 10.7413/18281567175

This paper aims at analyzing the concept of hate through a political-philosophical lens. The case study shows a kind of hatred which is not directed towards individuals because of their ascriptive characteristics. Although, the State also seems to hate in a different but more customary way. Two concepts are thus explored through their theoretical implications in terms of exclusion and responsibility.

Metabasis N. 29
digital edition

peer review

Each essay of this journal is reviewed by two anonymous referees and their comments are sent to the authors .

Evaluation Form