Metabasis N. 21
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Each essay of this journal is reviewed by two anonymous referees and their comments are sent to the authors .

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Fragments 3

Fragments 3

May 2016 - Year XI - Number 21

Political reflections

Conflict, tolerance and power legitimation

Paolo Bellini

DOI: 10.7413/18281567075

This brief paper intends to investigate the dynamics lying at the basis of power legitimation within western society by examining the roles of violence and conflict. In particular, those of the sovereign people and the good citizen are analyzed through the ideological, narrative and symbolic mechanisms that determine their image and meanings within the body politic. Throughout history, different forms of power legitimation alternated, which we can ideally include within a linear pattern where they are arranged along an axis at whose extremes are placed the concepts of immanence and transcendence.

The gap between reality and representation. Images, society of the spectacle and social media

Fabio Ferrara

DOI: 10.7413/18281567078

Our age is characterized by a never seen before production of images in the history of humankind. Starting from this condition, we will lay emphasis on how the effects of this spectacular overexposure are reflected on the human being, who is subjected to a continuous media flow and seems to express a sort of difficulty in distinguishing the fine line between reality and representation. In this sense, it is worth noting the emergence of an intangible dimension of existence which has contributed to this backdrop. This dimension is connected to the technological development and means offered by Internet, in particular to the emergence and the de-velopment of social media.

Political understanding of terrorism

Caroline Guibet Lafaye

DOI: 10.7413/18281567079

Until the 2010s, the ideological and political violence was described in France by reference to terrorism. Gradually “terrorism” has given way to “radicalization” though the latter has a larger field of application. Although “terrorism” and “radicalization” refer to different phenomena, their interpretations in the political sphere do not differ genuinely. We proceed to a systematic study of French political discourses from 1980 to 2016 to investigate the reasons they raised to explain the radicalizations. Three main paradigms appear: social determinism, a hypersubjectivation, a tendency to hide reasons. The factors political discourses refer to, either in a subjective approach or in an objective approach, lead to a systematic depoliticization of the radicalization processes and the violence they sometimes cause.

Thoughts on technology and discrepancy in Günther Anders

Natascia Mattucci

DOI: 10.7413/18281567080

Anders’s work can be significant in contemporary political philosophy, as evidenced by his reflections on technique, discrepancy and moral imagination. His critical thinking is beginning to occupy more and more space in the intersection between philosophical and political studies. It is sufficient to think of the technolog-ical and energy risks in the global era and the effects of manipulation of the media. The constant bouncing between reality and thought is central in his writings.

Some philosophical remarks on the encyclical letter Laudato si’

Salvatore Muscolino

DOI: 10.7413/18281567081

In this paper, I aim at interpreting the project of the encyclical as a sort of paradigmatic turn in the way of conceiving Christian faith. At paragraph 49, it is underlined that a “true ecological approach always becomes a social approach” and this implies the need of hearing “both the cry of the earth and the cry of the poor”. In my view, by uniting the two categories of “nature/creation” and “poverty”, the encyclical implicitly builds an ideal bridge between Pope Francis’ paradigmatic turn and that “political turn” invoked by the Catholic theologian J. B. Metz from the end of the sixties through the proposal of a “New Political Theology”. Indeed, the excesses of the neo-liberal paradigm and the perverse effects of a certain organization of global market pushes Christianity to act by involving all social, cultural and religious actors, in order to fight against all the forms of suffering and dehumanization of contemporary society. I’m also interested in underlining some weak aspects of Pope’s ecological approach.

Jonathan Franzen and the Nightmare of Pollution in Contemporary Society.
Reading Purity through Gramsci, Shakespeare, Mary Douglas.

Luca Peloso

DOI: 10.7413/18281567082

Jonathan Franzen is one of the greatest living writers. I propose to read his most recent book, the novel Purity, in two ways: 1) as a tale about the clash between old and new generation, by using Shakespeare's Hamlet and Gramsci's Lettere dal carcere in order to point out the challenges posed by novel; 2) as a dialogue with/an answer to Purity and danger by anthropologist Mary Douglas, since Franzen studies the couple purity-impurity as a system – or an Ideology – through which Western Contemporary Society protects and defines itself. With this analysis I also intend to show some points of intersection between Philosophy and Literature.

From Dr. Semmelweis to Professor Y. L.-F. Céline and the modern Man, between literature and antipolitics.

Giangiacomo Vale

DOI: 10.7413/18281567083

This paper follows a literary and existential journey through the works of Louis-Ferdinand Céline, from his first novel, which is also his graduation thesis in medicine, The Life and Work of Semmelweis (1924), to one of his last, Conversations with Professor Y (1955), by way of his most famous work, Journey to the End of the Night (1932). The paper examines some frequent topics in the literary work of Céline, in particular his aesthetic and antipolitical revolt against the decadence of the modern world. This revolt supersedes every rebellion, every ideology, every hope, but also every form of desperation or satisfaction.

Philosophical Horizons

On God and his omnipotence

Juan Canseco

DOI: 10.7413/18281567076

Several arguments against theism (the argument from scale, the argument from evil) take for granted that the concept of God is internally coherent. But a range of other considerations of logical nature argue that God is not even a possible being. Quite aside from whether his existence would be compatible with anything else, such as modern science or the existence of evil, it is not even compatible with itself. The claim is that the concept of God is, in a wide sense of the term, self-contradictory, just as the concept of a highest prime number is self-contradictory. In neither case is the self-contradiction obvious, but in both cases, claims the atheist, there is a hidden contradiction.

Memory as a privileged sphere of self-consciousness

Emanuela Civilini

DOI: 10.7413/18281567077

Today there are new and interesting reasons to read again the complex philosophical thought of Henri Berg-son; socially we see, in fact, a renewed interest for a border problem that has both philosophical values that scientific values concerns the link between the mind, like ego responsible to noetic activity, and the brain, understood as a physical organ responsible for physiological activity.

Metabasis N. 21
digital edition

peer review

Each essay of this journal is reviewed by two anonymous referees and their comments are sent to the authors .

Evaluation Form