Metabasis N. 20
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Each essay of this journal is reviewed by two anonymous referees and their comments are sent to the authors .

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Religion, power and tolerance II

Religion, power and tolerance II

November 2015 - Year X - Number 20

Political reflections

Symbol, Power, Person. An analysis of the perspective of Giuseppe Limone

Giuseppe Maria Ambrosio

DOI: 10.7413/18281567067

The article outlines the main characteristics of the research of Giuseppe Limone, a contemporary Neapolitan philosopher, particularly focusing on the symbolic implications of the relationship between political power and legal right(s). In the first five paragraphs Limone’s theories are compared with those of some wellknown authors (Rousseau, Kelsen, Hart, Habermas, Dworkin) in order to briefly define theoretical differences and similarities; the sixth and final paragraph outlines a possible operational – i.e. from a legal standpoint – implementation of “personalism” as a philosophical perspective, conceived as a hermeneutical tool able to equally focus and increase the protection of fundamental rights as stated in different sources of international and supranational Law.

Religious intolerance and the failure of early modern utopias

Corin Braga

DOI: 10.7413/18281567068

The Counter-Reformation treated classical utopias as Pelagian heresies, that is, fictions that questioned the original sin and the role of the Church in redemption. The religious censorship applied to utopian thinking provoked, in some authors, a radical disbelief in the possibility of achieving ideal societies or earthly paradises. While authors like Gilles Bernard Raguet questioned the models offered by Francis Bacon and other utopists, other authors like Tiphaigne de la Roche, Bernardin de Saint-Pierre or Samuel Johnson demonstrated, through a counter-utopian procedure of “reductio ab absurdum”, that utopias could simply not endure on earth.

Tolerance vs Psychosis

Maria Anna Carlino

DOI: 10.7413/18281567069

It’s difficult today to talk about tolerance and coexistence. In a society like the contemporary values and moral predominant not always correspond to the needs of individual human psyche. The religious power does not create more spiritual communities and the political power no longer creates a sense of belonging, not protect or guarantee the quality of life. This favors the emergence of a hidden power that takes possession of man and leads him to consume and to be consumed. This allows the formation of new psychopathic personalities and new psychopathologies that generate violence, hatred and aggression.

Religion et démocratie: du vicaire savoyard à nous

Roberto Gatti

DOI: 10.7413/18281567070

Le sujet de cet article est la signification d’un déisme, comme celui de la Profession de foi, qui, contrairement à ce que pensait Pascal, peut, dans la mesure où il reste ouvert au surnaturel, ne pas céder à l’athéisme. Très important est le « scepticisme involontaire» qui, si on le prend dans son sens (selon moi) le plus approprié, devrait être perçu comme l’exercice, libre et tolerant, de la pensée éternellement engagée dans la recherche d’une vérité qui ne peut jamais être totalement dévoilée, mais qui, malgré cela, nous interpelle à travers des traces, événements, narrations, symboles, figures qu’il ne suffit pas d’exorciser par le biais de la censure pseudo-rationaliste, maintenant épuisée, du mythe.

Pavel Florenskij and dry tolerance

Marina Guerrisi

DOI: 10.7413/18281567071

How catholic Church and Orthodox thought have read the concept of tolerance from Enlightenment? If catholic writings seem to support an idea of tolerance measured by moral conscience of unity, Pavel Florenskij helps us understand how could be equivocal the relationship between liberal values and religious culture. Tolerance without a sufficient knowledge of the religious phenomenon is likely to become an indifferent consent. What’s that kind of knowledge, according to Florenskij, able not to develop into sad tolerance yearning for trascendence?

Crush the infamous! Voltaire and tolerance

Fátima Gutiérrez

DOI: 10.7413/18281567072

This paper endeavors to place Voltaire's Treatise on Tolerance in its right context. Held as one of the brightest luminaries that make of the XVIIIth century the Age of Enlightenment, it nevertheless also gives us the opportunity of dealing with the very long shadows it casts. Furthermore, we expose the reasons why we take that work to be one of the greatest examples of eloquence and reasoning ever pleading for brotherhood and justice as the highest rulers over the whole mankind.

The sociological dimensions of space and time

Michela Luzi

DOI: 10.7413/18281567073

Space and time are two extraordinary concepts that have always influence the life of humans and of the community.
There have been many notions and representations of these categories throughout history and even today it is not possible to give a clear and absolute definition. There search continues and the arisen questions inevitably give rise to further questions, whose answers are always partial.
It follows that absolute space and time, does not exist as time and space are the result of humans cognitive and cultural processes in there attempt to define and interpret them-selves with conventional commonly accepted models.
In contemporary society, moreover, the development of information technologies has produced a significant influence on the perceptual and representative processes of the two categories. The ease to move and communicate gives the feeling that space and time contract until they disappear.
However, despite of all the difficulties encountered when there are questions about these two concepts, the fact remains that space and time are central in the lives of individuals, because they influence behavior and social relations. In fact, they represent the point of departure and arrival of a man's journey in the search for his identity.

Dialogic flatteries and anarchy of proximity. Critical Insights about Ethics, Politics and Communicative Acting from Honneth.

Fiammetta Ricci

DOI: 10.7413/18281567074

Honneth, in his Criticism of Power, wants to present the idea of a confrontation model of society based just on a theoretical-communicative level; a conflict that dates back to the moral claims of individuals as social actors fighting for recognition of their identities. This recognition comes through the choice of dialogue as a conflict mediation, but today the risk appears to be that this choice ends up being a rhetorical and stereotyped exercise of communicative practice, where Politics answers using force or showing an empty tolerance that does not assume any responsibility towards the anarchy of proximity.

Metabasis N. 20
digital edition

peer review

Each essay of this journal is reviewed by two anonymous referees and their comments are sent to the authors .

Evaluation Form