Metabasis N. 16
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Each essay of this journal is reviewed by two anonymous referees and their comments are sent to the authors .

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Utopia and myth in the age of technology 2

Utopia and myth in the age of technology 2

November 2013 - Year VIII - Number 16

Political reflections

21st-century liberal democracy and its contradictions

Paolo Bellini

DOI: 10.7413/18281567013

This brief paper intends to highlight the contradictions in which liberal democracy struggles within the process of globalisation, influenced as it is by the new connecting technologies. In particular, the difficult relationship between liberalism and democracy is analysed in light of the latest communitarist theories and new trends that interpret them socially.

Sovereigns figurations. Bios, ipseity and politics in Jacques Derrida’s philosophy

Pietro Lembo

DOI: 10.7413/18281567019

This article applies Jacques Derrida's deconstruction to history of political philosophy, from Plato to Schmitt, in order to show how the classical concept of Politics, beyond traditional rational philosophy, is a discourse of symbols, images, metaphors, analogy and figurations. So, in a confrontation between Derrida and Foucault, we will try to demonstrate the effects of political figuration in relation of life and death.

Person and Federalism in Denis de Rougemont

David Mosseri

DOI: 10.7413/18281567020

The combination of person and federalism is inseparable: that was supported by nonconformists French thirties with their mind sharp and current. I believe that the “care of the person” can be implemented with fullness only in a federal political system. Federalism, in fact, is the only system that does not abandon the citizen in itself, is the only system - limiting the presence of the state bureaucracy - that feel the citizen as a protagonist, participating, to get him love his city, to share the needs and issues.

The Myth of the Law in the Technological Age

Fabrizio Sciacca

DOI: 10.7413/18281567022

Globalization claims to get rid of the category of modernity in the name of safeguarding the apparently universalizing concepts such as human rights, pacifism and protection of the disadvantaged. The thesis of this work is that the category of modernity allows a kind of universalization through the idea of categorical principles of law, namely those that are conceivable from a human point of view.

The Cross, the Axis and the Spiral. Symbolism of the Western World in the work of Denis de Rougemont

Giangiacomo Vale

DOI: 10.7413/18281567024

The theological concept of “Person” was developed during the trinitarian and christological debates of the 4th and 5th centuries. Afterwards it was employed in order to indicate the “human person”, that is the Western Man. As the divine person, he is the man of contradiction, a tragic and dialectic man, crucifix between freedom and responsibility, immanence and transcendence in a perpetual agony. To the origin of the European culture and ethics there is the idea of contradiction and conflict, symbolized by the cross. The person is the center of a dialectic conflict that informs also the history of Western World, suggesting the image of an infinite dispute between the excesses of individualism and collectivism. The model of person has created an axis of vertical attraction and has changed the course of History that acquires a spiral movement.

Philosophical Horizons

In pursuit of the “self.” Reflections on the “Allegory of the carriage” of the Upanishad and the “Myth of the winged chariot” of Plato, from a reading of Simone Weil

Graziella Di Salvatore

DOI: 10.7413/18281567015

The article aims to analyze, through direct study of the texts and philosophical interpretation of Simone Weil, the common ground between the legend of the “Allegory of the carriage”, contained in the Katha Upanishad and “The Myth of the winged chariot” contained in Plato's Phaedrus, in pursuit of a spiritual con-nection between the Hindu and Greek culture in the shared thinking about soul.

Posthumanism: a modern epiphenomenon of dualism

Farid El Moujabber

DOI: 10.7413/18281567016

Nowadays, posthumanism appears as a new “scientific” trend willing to establish a new era of post-human species by the coupling of man and machine. However, beyond the purely scientific and fanciful look of pos-thumanism, a philosophical reading of this doctrine reveals its affiliation to a dualistic philosophical tradition, which re-emerges in a modern version. In this article, we will try to emphasize the involvement of three philosophical concepts in the deployment of the posthuman portrait: The body-prison, the body-machine and the spirit-information. And this, in order to describe how the intermingling of these three concepts and their convergence into a technological pattern contribute to the development of a new conception of the future human beings.

From the bionic eye to google smart glasses some philosophical reflections about biotechnologies

Emma Palese

DOI: 10.7413/18281567021

The advanced scientific progress transforms the identity and life of the contemporary individual ranging from the body applied to the built-in technique. In fact, the bionic eye not only can restore the sight of those who have lost it, but it can also overcome the physical limitations of human nature. Wearable computers, neuromorphic artificial visual sensors are the proposals of the new biotechnologies that keep the individual in balance between the ideas of normality or strengthening of the body. But to what extent can we consider ourselves as cyborgs or mere cyberbodies?

The being of utopia. The utopia of being

Teresa Tonchia

DOI: 10.7413/18281567023

In times of crisis, the political symbology has always introduced potential solutions to create a better world in which to live. It’s a utopian place that becomes a non-place or ‘the other’ place. It’s a place that engages not only the political, but also the individual dimension. Through the new technologies, belonging and self-identity may become a form of annihilation of the human being. At the same time, it can become a form of redemption and rebirth of the individual through the contact with the Feminine.

Thematic paths

A window on the town. Something about an utopian plan in the post-modern city.

Daniela Cardone

DOI: 10.7413/18281567014

Some aspects of posthuman and technological city planning come from the ordered caos of different mechanical, cybernetic and unreal forms. City and genius loci identification are inside space corporeity and atmospheric post – human, but even the imaginary and in-corporeity projection size are human space, the same space that is choosen to live. So the perfect place becomes the impossible place.

Die große Stille: liminal textures and acoustic thresholds.

Luisella Ferrario

DOI: 10.7413/18281567017

This essay aims to reflect on the symbolic meaning of silence, starting from the documentary film Die große Stille, directed by Philip Gröning. Silence is full of noises. We took, for example, the onomatopoeic sounds of nature and its elemental forces. We interpreted the voices of silence taking as a reference the thought of two French philosophers: Gilbert Durand and Gaston Bachelard. In particular, we referred to the Fantastic Transcendental and the Poetics of Rêverie. Furthermore, we examined the archetypal images recalled by sounds of natural elements – in particular Water –, daily hand workings, prayers and liturgical songs of the monks, protagonists of the movie. The use of accents has been deliberately highlighted in words evocating sounds in order to give particular stress to the symbolic and alchemical force released by sonorous landscapes.

The Redeeemer Redeemed! Parsifal : Wagner and the Gesamtkunstwerk.

Fátima Gutiérrez

DOI: 10.7413/18281567018

In his Parsifal, Richard Wagner is not putting forward his own version of the Gospels, let alone setting up a new Christian liturgy: he avails himself of a lavish array of symbolic devices, mainly of Christian origin, as well as of the legend of the Holy Grail, in order to create what he considers «a genuine work of art », a work of art based on genuine morals, since the corruption of humanity has degraded art. However, art itself must still be the instrument of choice for its own regeneration. This paper tries to place the swan song of the master of Bayreuth in its right context: that of the total artwork.

On Several Revelatory Images in the Poetry of Lucian Blaga

Gisèle Vanhese

DOI: 10.7413/18281567025

This essay is based on the methodology of myth criticism in order to deal with the literary treatment of the image in the poetry of Lucian Blaga. The first part demonstrates how Blaga’s thoughts on “revelatory metaphor” within his philosophical œuvre coincide with Gaston Bachelard’s ideas of the image. We demonstrate how they had the merit of associating, by diverse means, the configuration of metaphor, and the image, with that of symbol. In the second part, we analyse, within a Bachelardian perspective, a number of important elementary images linked to the cosmos of water present in Blaga’s work, in particular the well and the sea voyage as the complex of Charon.

Metabasis N. 16
digital edition

peer review

Each essay of this journal is reviewed by two anonymous referees and their comments are sent to the authors .

Evaluation Form