Metabasis N. 13
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Zeit, Einbildung und Macht<br>(Wissenschaft, Kunst und Politik)

Zeit, Einbildung und Macht
(Wissenschaft, Kunst und Politik)

Mai 2012 - Jahr VII - Heft 13

Philosophische Aussichten

Violenza, immaginario collettivo e pratiche sociali

Paolo Bellini

Un celebre frammento di Eraclito si riferisce al conflitto e alla contesa nei termini seguenti: «Pólemos (la contesa, il conflitto) di tutte le cose è padre, di tutte le cose è re; e gli uni rivela dei, gli altri umani, gli uni schiavi, gli altri liberi».

Abstract

This paper adresses the relationship between violence and collective imaginary. The swift development of technological civilization changes the forms of the social control of violence. In the contemporary age violence is not merely referable to its empirical dimension, but it needs a different understanding, based on the knowledge of collective imaginary and its rules. In this essay, in particular, the phenomenona related to violence have been interpreted through the Orwellian category of doublethink.

Urbs e civitas. Architettura e architettura delle istituzioni

Daniela Cardone

Secondo l’architettura vitruviana, gli ordini indicavano tipologie caratteriali differenti e così compresa in termini visuali e estetici, l’articolazione architettonica poteva precisare un particolare carattere, semplice o complesso, che determinava ogni parte degli edifici.

Abstract

Urban spaces are the image of collective will and political institution; so urbs and civitas are each aesthetic representation of the other. If the city’s iconography reflects, in the mirror, the architectonic structure and origin of the political institution; will, freedom, rights, ownership, membership, dependence, are civitas foundation and, at the same time, ‘visibile’ in its architecture.
So we can talk about geometry of urban paces and geometry of civitas and we can see constitution and political idea of civitas in a building, a square, in a time wich is time of history, or time of political power, of an Ideal city too.

‘Vested interests’ : quand les jeux vestimentaires se font enjeux de pouvoir

Elodie Chazalon

La « mystique féminine », dont Betty Friedan constate l’emprise durable dans les États-Unis des années 60, est entretenue, relayée et reflétée par la culture populaire. L’examen des articles de presse parus dans la presse dite middlebrow entre 1945 et le milieu des années 60 aux États-Unis rend compte d’un mode opératoire presque toujours identique.

Abstract

This article applies Gilbert Durand’s theory of “bassin sémantique du mythe” to a collection of articles pub-lished between 1945 and 1970 in the American middlebrow press, in order to show how the deviant repre-sentations of femininity (e.g. the vamp, the working girl, the masculine woman…) tend to be a foil to the Mother and to the Victorian, male-biased conception of femininity. One may possibly argue that the dis-course on clothes, on the one hand, and clothes as a language, on the other hand, can be seen as both a means to reactivate the division between the sexes and as a tool for subverting male supremacy and for fashioning women’s emancipation.

Il tempo, seme della discordia tra filosofia e scienza

Emanuela Civilini

Il tempo, o ciò che riteniamo tale, viene vissuto da ciascuno di noi in ogni momento della nostra vita quotidiana e non solo, tutta la nostra società e le società di tutto il mondo moderno si basano su misurazioni del tempo più o meno convenzionali e più o meno condivise da tutti.

Abstract

On 6 April 1922 took place in Paris, at Société française de Philosophie, a historic meeting between Ein-stein, Bergson, and other distinguished thinkers who have given birth to a famous debate about the nature of time. In this circumstance are many differences emerged between the philosophy of Bergson and Einstein’s scientific thinking, however, in this brief essay, we will try to highlight some concepts that we believe are related to the two thinkers and also complementary.

Libertà di informazione vs. indipendenza dell’informazione

Stefano Colloca

Nel presente saggio cercherò di distinguere due concetti della deontologia del giornalismo che troppo spesso vengono confusi (il concetto di libertà di informazione e il concetto di indipendenza dell’informazione) e cercherò di mostrare la rilevanza di questa distinzione concettuale.

Abstract

This paper aims to solve some conceptual problems in the ethics and deontology of information through the distinction between two concepts: freedom of the press and independence of the press. While independence of the press must not be limited (and its expansion can only cause improvements in the media and society), freedom of the press (if conceived as complete absence of regulations) should be limited, in order to protect some rights as dignity of the person, privacy, and presumption of innocence, which we would not accept to waive.

Cinema e simbolo: il potere dell’immagine in movimento

Luisella Ferrario

Il cinema è un linguaggio. E come tale è stato analizzato da numerosi e autorevoli studiosi, a partire dal semiologo francese Christian Metz. Ma, confinando la lettura cinematografica all’interno di una logica esclusivamente grammaticale e sintattica, si rischia di ridurre l’immagine filmica a una semplice traccia semiotica.

Abstract

This short paper aims to examine the symbolic power of the film image. Power given to it by the dual nature of mimesis, which approaches and simultaneously removes the image from the original model. First, referring to the analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung, we traced the similarities between the optical phenomenon of anamorphosis and the symbolic dynamics. Then we identified the similarities between the filmic perception, the dream manifestations and the archetypes of the collective unconscious.

Cyborgs and vampires. The monster’s body from the prodigious power of imagination to the naturalization of differences

Emma Palese

When Hippocrates, in his treatise on the Superfoetation, justifies a noble Athenian woman for giving birth to a child “different” from the others, he includes the monstrous in the category of imagination, which - just in a rational attempt to explain the exceeding - acquires a prodigious power.

Abstract

The monster is a symbol of wholeness: an expression of the teratological wonder and of the prodigious power of imagination. But, from the modern project of social order, the monster is identified with “the different” so the normal human can trace a perfect match with the one that G. Canguilhem calls the “zero degree of monstrosity”. However, the Foucaultian time, eager to clean the society from the different, the exceeding, the misfits, it seems - today - to give way to the era of “new monsters”. Not only cyborgs, but - above all - insatiable vampires constantly searching for their identity, the excessive purchase of objects and “bodies” fit to respond to fashion update required to be “normal”.

Il potere trasformativo dell’immaginazione. Ontologia delle visioni.

Paola Russo

Questo lavoro ha per oggetto il potere dell’immaginazione e la sua capacità di trasformare se stessi e il mondo che ci circonda, rendendo non auspicabile il classico confine tra ciò che è reale e ciò che non lo è. Quando penso, immagino o creo con la fantasia qualcosa allora ciò è già esistito, esiste o esisterà. Con il solo fatto di averlo pensato, l’ho creato e, dunque, posso anche trasformarlo.

Abstract

This paper focuses on imagination and its power of transforming ourselves and the surrounding world. Imagination is a prominent activity of the soul, the only capable of a complexio oppositorum. The guiding aim here is to combine different voices in a mixed choir: imaginal visions, archetypal visions of ourselves, visions of the universal and the relative, visions of the scientific and the religious world. The goal of putting these visions into the same perspective is that of using imagination in a consistent way, on the horizon of a transcendence of opposites.

Metabasis N. 13
Digital Edition

peer review

Wird jeder Essay von 2 Referees anonym bewertet und ihre Kommentare werden dem Autor des Essays zurückgeschickt.

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