Metabasis N. 23
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Souveränität und Demokratie

Souveränität und Demokratie

Mai 2017 - Jahr XII - Heft 23

Politische Überlegungen

Antigone: l’estetica della saggezza oltre il diritto

Domenico Corradini

DOI: 10.7413/18281567096

Comincia Antigone con un pensiero più religioso che razionale e per niente giuridico. Chiedendo alla sorella Ismene se sa quali altri mali, da Edipo venuti, Zeus continuerà a seminare nelle vite loro. No, risponde Ismene. E allora Antigone, questa volta con un pensiero più razionale e più giuridico che religioso, le spiega. Che Creonte non ha il titolo politico di basileús.

Abstract

What these papers deal: not the contrariety without contradiction (Kant) or the contrariety with contradiction (Hegel) between king’s law and divine law on whom killed his brother and killed by his brother, but the archetypes and the archetypical figures. For example: justice | injustice, obedience | disobedience, reason | madness, love | death – while the Chorus plays his part and sings, and dances.

Post-strutturalismo e pensiero politico: spunti di riflessione attraverso Foucault e Derrida

Francesco Giacomantonio

DOI: 10.7413/18281567099

Se si considera il campo di ricerca della filosofia politica contemporanea, si può osservare, abbastanza agevolmente, che esso sia piuttosto complesso, poiché in esso vi confluiscono prospettive epistemologiche molto differenti, che spaziano da quella analitico-formale, a quella critico-dialettica, passando per approcci fenomenologici, funzionalisti, sistemici, ermeneutici, storicisti, liberali, conservatori, neomarxisti, ecc.

Abstract

The essay considers and compares the main contributes of the thought of Michel Foucault and Jacques Derrida, regarding the comprehension of important political concepts in the contemporary debate, such as power, sovereignity, democracy, law, freedom and State. Just analysing their theories, it is possible to have an interesting reflection in the prospective of political philosophy, far from unidimensional approaches.

Il mito della democrazia

Carmelo Muscato

DOI: 10.7413/18281567100

“Democrazia” è certamente il termine che ha avuto più fortuna nella politica dell’ultimo secolo. In senso stretto il significato che il termine ha assunto si riferisce al sistema politico che a partire dal secolo scorso si è affermato nella maggior parte dei cosiddetti Paesi occidentali in competizione con il liberalismo e il socialismo.

Abstract

The myth of democracy is the result of a narrative that democracy itself builds throughout the process of its own affirmation. In this respect, the contradictions that emerge in democracy are not only its negative face, but they express the intrinsic ambiguity of the mythical narrative. This approach to democracy implies the adoption of a conception according to which reason is not a simple instrument for the satisfaction of pas-sions, but a faculty that governs the passions themselves and directs the will.

“Utopia socialista” o “società post-secolare”? Percorsi francofortesi

Salvatore Muscolino

DOI: 10.7413/18281567101

La grande e prestigiosa tradizione della Scuola di Francoforte rappresenta ancora oggi un punto di riferimento importante nel dibattito attuale. In questo saggio vorrei prendere in considerazione le teorie più recenti avanzate da due dei suoi principali esponenti, cioè Jürgen Habermas e Axel Honneth.

Abstract

In this paper I will compare A. Honneth’s neo-socialist project with J. Habermas’ proposal of a post-secular society. Since both of these approaches are aimed to contrast with neoliberal theories, I will give explanation of my preference for Habermas’. I will do that by considering the relationship between the concepts of utopia, liberty and society.

De la souveraineté du peuple en démocratie

Bantchin Napakou

DOI: 10.7413/18281567102

Le peuple est-il au fondement de l’autorité politique en démocratie ? Souvent considérée comme un régime politique dont le fondement réside dans la souveraineté du peuple, la démocratie n’acquiert sa véritable signification que dans la considération ce qu’elle exclut : la tyrannie du pouvoir.

Abstract

Democracy is a political regime in which sovereignty belongs to the people. Theoretically, the laws define this sovereignty of the people, as part of the political system, the right to choose its representatives with complete freedom. The electoral way seems to be the expression of this sovereignty desire of the people. Behind this truth, political and ideological issues seem to be influenced by the law of the majority, the popular aspirations. From the internal point of view, the sovereignty of the people is in fact compromised by the policies which only represent the minority deciding for people. From the internal to the external point of view, the power of the people is reduced by the emergence of the international organizations who strip states their sovereignty off. In spite of the new dimension of official sovereignty, the people can be sovereign only when the political decisions are considered as best or the rightest which can exist.

Democrazia e repubblica, sovranità e autorità: le critiche di Platone al regime democratico nella lettura di Giuseppe Rensi

Erasmo Silvio Storace

DOI: 10.7413/18281567103

In questo saggio si tenterà di offrire una ricostruzione storica e filosofico-politica di alcuni concetti su cui ancora oggi si fonda la sociabilità della vita politica. Per questo motivo, ci si interrogherà circa la genesi della nozione di democrazia a partire dal suo luogo sorgivo: la Grecia Antica.

Abstract

The article explores the genesis of the concept of “democracy” (and its analogies and differences with “republic” concept in the Roman world) starting with its source place: Ancient Greece. After some notices of the birth of this form of government, we will dwell on the criticisms that have come to the notion of democracy from the philosophical perspective, in particular, from Plato’s theory, which will be exposed through the reading key offered by the philosopher Giuseppe Rensi, who, after rebuilding “Plato’s political drama”, will offer some interesting insights into the notions of “authority” and “sovereignty” underlying the Platonic discourse, aimed at showing some limits to the democratic regime.

Philosophische Aussichten

Il sacrificio poetico e la basiléia filosofica

Giangiacomo Vale

DOI: 10.7413/18281567104

Seppure in maniera generica possiamo definire la filosofia politica in ordine al tentativo di chiarire due fondamentali tipi di problemi. Il primo nasce dal rapporto della filosofia con l’ordine politico, il secondo riguarda il rapporto tra il filosofo e l’ordine politico, tra la filosofia e la vita politica concreta.

Abstract

The paper analyses the question of the birth of political philosophy starting from the platonic condemnation of mythical and poetical knowledge and the resulting statement affirming that political life can be reordered only by means of logos. With this founding act, political philosophy is staged for the first time with its methods, languages and instruments, but it can’t be considered without the previous sacrificial act excluding a language based on “irrational” thought. The platonic condemnation sanctions not only the separation between philosophy and poetry, but also one of the strongest and long-lasting axis of western political philosophy: the idea that politics can be reordered only by rational means.

Thematische Beiträge

The power of language: a critical discourse analysis of IRA’s statements

Nicole Cardillo

DOI: 10.7413/18281567095

This paper investigates how the Irish Republican Army (IRA) used language in its statements to discursively construct realities and consensus in Northern Ireland, from the IRA ceasefire announced on 31 August 1994 to the declaration of the complete cessation of its military operations on 28 July 2005: a sensitive period which witnessed the shift of the IRA from violence towards a more peaceful attitude. The analysis aims at discovering the features of the IRA’s discourse and it is conducted on different levels, following the principles of Critical Discourse Analysis, with the support of Corpus Linguistics methodological tools.

Abstract

This paper investigates how the Irish Republican Army (IRA) used language in its statements to discursively construct realities and consensus in Northern Ireland, from the IRA ceasefire announced on 31 August 1994 to the declaration of the complete cessation of its military operations on 28 July 2005: a sensitive period which witnessed the shift of the IRA from violence towards a more peaceful attitude. The analysis aims at discovering the features of the IRA’s discourse and it is conducted on different levels, following the principles of Critical Discourse Analysis, with the support of Corpus Linguistics methodological tools.

Theatrum et imago mundi: figure e figuri del barocco

Antimo Cesaro

DOI: 10.7413/18281567094

Nella Grecia del V secolo a.C., la καλοκαγαθία esprimeva la perfetta corrispondenza tra sfera etica ed estetica, ovvero la sintesi, l’unità inscindibile di bellezza e valore morale. Questo ideale, ripreso dalla filosofia neoplatonica di Marsilio Ficino, fu una delle chiavi di volta su cui si resse la dotta impalcatura della cultura rinascimentale.

Abstract

In contrast to the Renaissance, the Baroque Age discovers in nature the anomaly, the exception, a constantly evolving metamorphic reality: the thought turns to research, experimentation, free and open forms in a climate of growing disquiet. This giant cultural operation also participates in the courtier universe, where get passionate about everything that is strange, curious and bizarre. In this exaltation of the defect, amusing, but at the same time restless, alternate Morgante, the favorite dwarf of Cosimo I de’ Medici, “hairy Arrigo” and his sister Antonietta, suffering from hypertrichosis universalis congenita, and Maddalena Ventura, the bearded woman portrayed in 1631 by Jusepe de Ribera.

Tanto Χάως per nulla: un’ipotesi di lavoro sulla nozione di Χάως in alcuni luoghi del pensiero greco arcaico

Sergio A. Dagradi

DOI: 10.7413/18281567097

Le riflessioni che seguono hanno come obiettivo quello di sondare la possibilità di intendere la nozione di Χάως, quale principio che in alcuni luoghi del pensiero greco arcaico è inteso come precedente ogni configurazione del cosmo, alla stregua della concettualizzazione problematica di nullificazione dell’essere, secondo gli sviluppi della successiva riflessione ontologica novecentesca, in particolare fenomenologica.

Abstract

The aim of the essay is to discuss the possibility that the notion of Χάως, as it emerged in the theogony and cosmology of Hesiod and Pherekydes of Syros, would be superimposable onto the notion of Nothingnession, as it was developed by the Phenomenology in the last century.

Ventura e sventura dei nani nelle corti del seicento

Eleonora Ferraro

DOI: 10.7413/18281567098

L’immagine dei cerchi concentrici è stata spesso evocata per trasporre visivamente, in una rappresentazione grafica di facile e immediata comprensione, la struttura sociale che caratterizzava lo spazio fisico della corte, dove, nel Seicento, si riverberava l’auctoritas dello Stato moderno: qui, potere e clientelismo, protezione e promozione sociale si intrecciavano e si sovrapponevano alla ricerca di una potenziale ascesa politica ed economica.

Abstract

In the seventeenth-century Europe, dwarfs were an integral part of court life. Sought after as a curiosity to be shown and, as such, permanent presence of parties, games and entertainment of all kinds, these lilliputians ante litteram were also astute advisers, who were granted special licenses in derogation to the rigid court ceremonial: while, on the one hand, nature had penalized them with the “scale reduction”, on the other hand had bestowed them - almost in return - insight and intuition. The “culture of the bizarre” of the Baroque Age also thrives on their emblematic character, handed down to posterity by the works of famous artists - including Diego Velázquez - who portrayed them alone or in crowded scenes of courtly life.

Metabasis N. 23
Digital Edition

peer review

Wird jeder Essay von 2 Referees anonym bewertet und ihre Kommentare werden dem Autor des Essays zurückgeschickt.

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